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Thursday, August 6, 2020 | History

2 edition of Protection and trade in services found in the catalog.

Protection and trade in services

Bernard M. Hoekman

Protection and trade in services

a survey

by Bernard M. Hoekman

  • 22 Want to read
  • 37 Currently reading

Published by World Bank, International Economics Dept., International Trade Division in Washington, DC .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Service industries.,
  • Free trade.,
  • International trade.

  • Edition Notes

    StatementBernard Hoekman and Carlos A. Primo Braga.
    SeriesPolicy research working paper ;, 1747, Policy research working papers ;, 1747.
    ContributionsBraga, Carlos Alberto Primo, 1954-, World Bank. International Trade Division.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsHG3881.5.W57 P63 no. 1747
    The Physical Object
    Pagination36 p. ;
    Number of Pages36
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL414955M
    LC Control Number98117895

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Protection and trade in services by Bernard M. Hoekman Download PDF EPUB FB2

: Global Competition in Financial Services: Market Structure, Protection, and Trade Liberalization (The American Enterprise Institute trade in services series) (): Walter, Ingo: Books. Additional Physical Format: Online version: Hoekman, Bernard M., Protection and trade in services.

Washington, DC: World Bank, International Economics Dept. Protection and Trade in Services: A Survey International trade in services is hampered by non-tariff barriers that originate from national regulations.

Not only the level of regulation in home. Get this from a library. Protection and trade in services: a survey. [Bernard M Hoekman; Carlos Alberto Primo Braga; World Bank. International Trade Division.] -- In the past, international economists have ignored trade in services, but technological progress and international trade negotiations are likely to keep liberalization of trade in services a.

Protection and Trade in Services. Bernard Hoekman Carlos A. Primo Braga. The World Bank International Economics Department International Trade Division April This paper -- a product of the International Trade Division, International Economics Department -- was prepared for The Open Economies Review.

Copies of this paper are available. Abstract. The article focuses on the interplay between European Union (EU) law on privacy and data protection and international trade law, in particular the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) and the WTO dispute settlement system.

The growing importance of services trade to the global economy makes the application of the GATS to trade in services an important concern of international economic policy. The GATS contains important innovations that build on the former GATT and existing WTO/GATT trade regime for goods.

This book fills a void in the academic and policymaking. This paper surveys the literature on trade in services, focusing on the policies that are used to restrict such trade, the gains from liberalization, and the institutional mechanisms that have been adopted in the pursuit of liberalization.

The paper argues that technological progress and international trade negotiations are likely to keep liberalization of trade in services a high. Transportation and travel, for example, have always been important economic activities. Inservices trade had climbed to a percent share of global trade - no doubt an underestimate, as the most dynamic component of trade in services is telecommunications, which is not being properly captured in conventional balance of payment statistics.

Cultural exception (French: l'exception culturelle) is a political concept introduced by France in General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) negotiations in to treat culture differently from other commercial products. In other words, its purpose is to consider cultural goods and services as exceptions in international treaties and agreements especially with the World Trade.

Nations of the world have been trading in goods and services with each other since the. Hufbauer, G., Berliner, D. and Elliot, K. (), Trade Protection in the United States: 31 Case. Protection or Free Trade is one of the most concisely and convincingly argued works in political economy.

George completely demolishes the arguments in favour of protection and reduces the position to absurdity. In doing so, George explores ideas of monopoly that would later come to full maturity in Progress and Poverty.4/5(6).

Author by: International Trade Law Center Languange: en Publisher by: Springer Science & Business Media Format Available: PDF, ePub, Mobi Total Read: 98 Total Download: File Size: 42,6 Mb Description: The editors have succeeded in bringing together an excellent mix of leading scholars and book on the WTO has had this wide a scope before or.

Protection or Free Trade is a book published in by the economist and social philosopher, Henry sub-title is An Examination of the Tariff Question with Especial Regard to the Interests of Labor. As the title suggests, George examined the debate between protectionism and free trade.

George was opposed to tariffs, which were at the time both the major method of. trade in services and to classify government measures that affect trade in services in international agreements.

The General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) modes of supply are defined based on the location of the service supplier and the consumer, taking into account their respective nationalities (see Figure 1). Figure 1. “protection” provided by the trade in services chapters, and even so, only in sectors where liberalisation commitments are scheduled.

The Investment and Services chapters of NAFTA-inspired and GATS-inspired agreements differ, therefore, in their coverage of investment in services.3 This leads to four major types of interaction between these. Trade secret protection is available for all types of ideas and information, so long as they are secret and provide a competitive advantage.

In addition, patent protection only lasts for a set period of time, which in the U.S. is generally 20 years after the date of filing an application, while trade secret protection may last indefinitely. free trade agreement that included Mexico (NAFTA). The Uruguay Round negotiations, concluded infurther reduced tariffs on a global basis and included new agreements on issues of critical importance to many U.S.

industries, such as intellectual property, investments, and trade in services. Economic liberalism and free trade have been the dominant theoretical perspectives of trade since the 19th century – opening up the economies of different countries and bringing investment, prosperity and growth through allowing international competition against the domestic products and services of a country.

Informed Compliance Publication. What Every Member of the Trade Community Should Know About: Tariff Classification. This document may qualify as a "guidance document" as set forth in Executive Order and interpretations thereof; such guidance documents are not binding and lack the force and effect of law, except as authorized by law or as incorporated.

Certainly, you need to protect anything your business can patent, trademark, or copyright, but this protection is different from the protection you would give to a trade secret. For example, if you develop a new app that evaluates customers in a new way, you could keep it within your company (as a trade secret) or you could patent it and sell it.

However, Protection or Free Trade by Henry George is a more significant work on the nature of free trade. Henry George in Protection or Free Trade presented international trade from the angle of poverty, wages and unemployment. The book details the systematic dissertation of the effects that protectionist and free-trade policies have on the Reviews: 7.Implications for International Trade • Data protection is directly related to trade in goods and services in the digital economy – Too little protection can create negative market effects through affecting consumer confidence – Too much can overly restrict business activities and trade.